# Singular

#### D.13.1.4 normalFanL

Procedure from library `polymake.lib` (see polymake_lib).

Usage:
normalFanL (vert,aff,graph,rays,[,#]); vert,aff intmat, graph list, rays int, # string

Assume:
- vert is an integer matrix whose rows are the coordinate of the vertices of a convex lattice polytope;
- aff describes the affine hull of this polytope, i.e. the smallest affine space containing it, in the following sense: denote by n the number of columns of vert, then multiply aff by (1,x(1),...,x(n)) and set the resulting terms to zero in order to get the equations for the affine hull;
- the ith entry of graph is an integer vector describing to which vertices the ith vertex is connected, i.e. a k as entry means that the vertex vert[i] is connected to vert[k];
- the integer rays is either one (if the extreme rays should be computed) or zero (otherwise)

Return:
list, the ith entry of L[1] contains information about the cone in the normal fan dual to the ith vertex of the polytope
L[1][i][1] = integer matrix representing the inequalities which describe the cone dual to the ith vertex
L[1][i][2] = a list which contains the inequalities represented by L[i][1] as a list of strings, where we use the
variables x(1),...,x(n)
L[1][i][3] = only present if 'er' is set to 1; in that case it is an interger matrix whose rows are the extreme rays
of the cone
L[2] = is an integer matrix whose rows span the linearity space of the fan, i.e. the linear space which is contained in each cone

Note:
- the procedure calls for its computation polymake by Ewgenij Gawrilow, TU Berlin and Michael Joswig, so it only works if polymake is installed;
see http://www.math.tu-berlin.de/polymake/
- in the optional argument # it is possible to hand over other names for the variables to be used -- be careful, the format must be correct and that is not tested, e.g. if you want the variable names to be u00,u10,u01,u11 then you must hand over the string u11,u10,u01,u11

Example:
 ```LIB "polymake.lib"; ring r=0,(x,y,z),dp; matrix M[4][1]=1,x,y,z; poly f=y3+x2+xy+2xz+yz+z2+1; // the Newton polytope of f is list np=newtonPolytopeP(f); // the Groebner fan of f, i.e. the normal fan of the Newton polytope list gf=normalFanL(np[1],np[4],np[3],1,"x,y,z"); // the number of cones in the Groebner fan of f is: size(gf[1]); // the inequalities of the first cone as matrix are: print(gf[1][1][1]); // the inequalities of the first cone as string are: print(gf[1][1][2]); // the rows of the following matrix are the extreme rays of the first cone: print(gf[1][1][3]); // each cone contains the linearity space spanned by: print(gf[2]); ```