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D.2.4 grobcov_lib

February 2018. Groebner Cover for parametric ideals. Comprehensive Groebner Systems, Groebner Cover, Canonical Forms, Parametric Polynomial Systems, Automatic Deduction of Geometric Theorems, Dynamic Geometry, Loci, Envelope, Constructible sets. See: A. Montes A, M. Wibmer, "Groebner Bases for Polynomial Systems with parameters", Journal of Symbolic Computation 45 (2010) 1391-1425. (https://www.mat.upc.edu//en/people/antonio.montes/).

The book, not yet published:
A. Montes. " The Groebner Cover":
(Discussing Parametric Polynomial Systems).
can be used as a user manual of all
the routines included in this library.
It defines and proves all the theoretic results used here, and shows examples of all the routines.
It will be published soon.
There are many previous papers realted to the subject, but the book actualices all the contents.

Antonio Montes (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya), Hans Schoenemann (Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern).

In 2010, the library was designed to contain
algorithms for computing the Canonical Groebner
Cover of a parametric ideal. The central routine is grobcov. Given a parametric ideal, grobcov outputs its Canonical Groebner Cover, consisting of a set
of triplets of (lpp, basis, segment). The basis
(after normalization) is the reduced Groebner basis for each point of the segment. The segments
are disjoint, locally closed and correspond to
constant lpp (leading power product) of the basis,
and are represented in canonical representation.
The segments cover the whole parameter space.
The output is canonical, it only depends on the
given parametric ideal and the monomial order.
This is much more than a simple Comprehensive
Groebner System. The algorithm grobcov allows
options to solve partially the problem when the
whole automatic algorithm does not finish in
reasonable time.

grobcov uses a first algorithm cgsdr that outputs a disjoint reduced Comprehensive Groebner System
with constant lpp. For this purpose, in this library, the implemented algorithm is Kapur-Sun-Wang
algorithm, because it is actually the most efficient algorithm known for this purpose.
D. Kapur, Y. Sun, and D.K. Wang "A New Algorithm
for Computing Comprehensive Groebner Systems".
Proceedings of ISSAC'2010, ACM Press, (2010), 29-36.

The library has evolved to include new applications of the Groebner Cover, and new theoretical developments have been done. The actual version also includes a
routine (ConsLevels) for computing the canonical form of a constructible set, given as a union of locally closed sets. It determines the canonical locally closed level sets of a constructible set. It is described in: J.M. Brunat, A. Montes, "Computing the canonical
representation of constructible sets".
Math. Comput. Sci. (2016) 19: 165-178.

A new routine locus has been included to compute
loci of points, and determining the taxonomy of the components. It is described in the book
A. Montes. "The Groebner Cover" (Discussing
Parametric Polynomial Systems).
Additional routines to transform the output to string (locusdg, locusto) are also included and used in the Dynamic Geometry software GeoGebra. They were
described in:
M.A. Abanades, F. Botana, A. Montes, T. Recio:
"An Algebraic Taxonomy for Locus Computation in
Dynamic Geometry".
Computer-Aided Design 56 (2014) 22-33.

Recently also routines for computing the generalized envelope of a family of hyper-surfaces (envelop),
to be used in Dynamic Geometry, has been included
and is described in the book
A. Montes. "The Groebner Cover" (Discussing
Parametric Polynomial Systems).

The last inclusion is an automatic algorithm for
Automatic Deduction of Geometric Theorems,
described in the book "Groebner Cover".

This version was finished on 10/02/2018

Before calling any routine of the library grobcov, the user must define the ideal Q[a][x], and all the input polynomials and ideals defined on it.
Internally the routines define and use also other
ideals: Q[a], Q[x,a] and so on.


D.2.4.1 grobcov  Is the basic routine giving the canonical Groebner Cover of the parametric ideal F. This routine accepts many options, that allow to obtain results even when the canonical computation does not finish in reasonable time.
D.2.4.2 cgsdr  Is the procedure for obtaining a first disjoint, reduced Comprehensive Groebner System that is used in grobcov, but can also be used independently if only a CGS is required. It is a more efficient routine than buildtree (the own routine of 2010 that is no more available). Now, Kapur-Sun-Wang (KSW) algorithm is used.
D.2.4.3 pdivi  Performs a pseudodivision of a parametric polynomial by a parametric ideal.
D.2.4.4 pnormalf  Reduces a parametric polynomial f over V(E) V(N). E is the null ideal and N the non-null ideal over the parameters.
D.2.4.5 Crep  Computes the canonical C-representation of V(N) V(M). It can be called in Q[a] or in Q[a][x], but the ideals N,M can only contain parameters of Q[a].
D.2.4.6 Prep  Computes the canonical P-representation of V(N) V(M). It can be called in Q[a] or in Q[a][x], but the ideals N,M can only contain parameters of Q[a].
D.2.4.7 PtoCrep  Starting from the canonical Prep of a locally closed set computes its Crep.
D.2.4.8 extendpoly  Given the generic representation f of an I-regular function F defined by poly f on V(p) V(q) it returns its full representation.
D.2.4.9 extendGC  When the grobcov of an ideal has been computed with the default option ("ext",0) and the explicit option ("rep",2) (which is not the default), then one can call extendGC(GC) (and options) to obtain the full representation of the bases. With the default option ("ext",0) only the generic representation of the bases is computed, and one can obtain the full representation using extendGC.
D.2.4.10 ConsLevels  Given a list L of locally closed sets, it returns the closures of the canonical levels of the constructible set and its complements of the union of them.
D.2.4.11 Levels  Transforms the output of ConsLevels into the proper Levels of the constructible set.
D.2.4.12 locus  Special routine for determining the geometrical locus of points verifying given conditions. Given a parametric ideal J in Q[x1,..,xn][u1,..,um] with parameters (x1,..,xn) and variables (u1,..,um), representing the system determining the n-dimensional locus with tracer point (x1,..,xn) verifying certain properties, one can apply locus to the system F, for obtaining the locus. locus provides all the components of the locus and determines their taxonomy, that can be: "Normal", "Special", "Accumulation", "Degenerate". The coordinates of a mover point, if it exist, should be placed as the n last u-variables.
D.2.4.13 locusdg  Is a special routine that determines the "Relevant" components of the locus in dynamic geometry. It is to be called to the output of locus and selects from it the "Normal", and"Accumulation" components.
D.2.4.14 envelop  Special routine for determining the envelop of a family of hyper-surfaces F in Q[x1,..,xn][t1,..,tm] depending on an ideal of constraints C in Q[t1,..,tm]. It computes the locus of the envelop, and detemines the different components as well as its taxonomy: "Normal", "Special", "Accumulation", "Degenerate". (See help for locus).
D.2.4.15 locusto  Transforms the output of locus, locusdg, envelop into a string that can be reed from different computational systems.
D.2.4.16 stdlocus  Simple procedure to determine the components of the locus, alternative to locus that uses only standard GB computation. Cannot determine the taxonomy of the irreducible components.
D.2.4.17 AssocTanToEnv  Having computed an envelop component E of a family of hyper-surfaces F, with constraints C, it returns the parameter values of the associated tangent hyper-surface of the family passing at one point of the envelop component E.
D.2.4.18 FamElemsAtEnvCompPoints  Having computed an envelop component E of a family of hyper-surfaces F, with constraints C, it returns the parameter values of all the hyper-surfaces of the family passing at one point of the envelop component E.
D.2.4.19 discrim  Determines the factorized discriminant of a degree 2 polynomial in the variable x. The polynomial can be defined on any ring where x is a variable. The polynomial f can depend on parameters and variables.
D.2.4.20 WLemma  Given an ideal F in Q[a][x] and an ideal A in Q[a], it returns the list (lpp,B,S) were B is the reduced Groebner basis of the specialized F over the segment S, subset of V(A) with top A, determined by Wibmer's Lemma. S is determined in P-representation (or optionally in C-representation). The basis is given by I-regular functions.
D.2.4.21 intersectpar  Auxiliary routine. Given a list of ideals definend on K[a][x] it determines the intersection of all of them in K[x,a]
D.2.4.22 ADGT  Given 4 ideals H,T,H1,T1 in Q[a][x], corresponding to a problem of Automatic Deduction of Geometric Theorems, it determines the supplementary conditions over the parameters for the Proposition (H and not H1) => (T and not T1) to be a Theorem. If H1=1 then H1 is not considered, and analogously for T1.
See also: compregb_lib.